2019年1肖必中

湖南省人民政府门户网站 发布时间:20191210 【字体:

  2019年1肖必中

  

  20191210 ,>>【2019年1肖必中】>>,  相比于2015年的“千人万元计划”(即至少1000个头条号创作者,单月至少获得1万元的保底收入),此次计划加大了普惠力度,志在服务更多创作者。

   ”  “读起书来,我就觉得心里快活,读起书来,时间就过得快,一个上午一晃就没有了。Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.    按照“创作者收益计划”,今日头条将继续加大优质内容扶持力度,上线微头条流量分成,扩大多体裁创作收益,并上线加油包、粉丝必达工具,百亿流量扶持优质创作者。

 

  <<|2019年1肖必中|>>Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

   除了图书馆的讲座以外,其他活动都不去。资料图:流沙河在工作。

 

   Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

   Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

   Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

  (环彦博 20191210 环彦博)

信息来源: 湖南日报    责任编辑: 环彦博
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